Angioplasty has revolutionized heart attack treatment and is also being applied to treatment for blockages in the arteries leading to the brain (stroke), kidneys (renal artery disease) and arms& legs (peripheral artery disease).
The plaque can also build up inside arteries of brain, legs and kidneys which block the normal flow of blood, limiting the amount of blood that reaches body tissues.
Angioplasty of the leg arteries is a procedure used to unblock the arteries in your legs to allow blood to flow more freely. It can help treat a condition called peripheral arterial disease.
The brain depends on the carotid arteries in the neck to deliver a steady flow of oxygen-rich blood. If one or both of these arteries becomes clogged with cholesterol-filled plaque, choking off blood flow, angioplasty to reopen the vessel may be needed.
The blood is carried into the kidneys by the renal arteries. If these arteries become narrowed by a build up of plaque (atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries) the blood supply to the kidneys becomes increasingly restricted.
The whole process of angioplasty normally takes between 30 and 90 minutes.